Chapter 2 of the APA Task Force report is titled “A Brief History of Sexual Orientation Change Efforts.” The authors provide a sense of the sociocultural and historical context in which change approaches were offered (in light of how homosexuality was viewed in the broader culture and by the mental health professions). The highlight some important studies and related efforts that eventually led to the removal of homosexuality from the official diagnostic manual of the American Psychiatric Association. They discuss the subsequent decline in research and interest in change of sexual orientation within the professions, as well as the increased scrutiny of those who continued to provide such services.
The report then notes that those who continue to seek out such change efforts are religious. They acknowledge the impact of religion-based ministries. They correctly acknowledge that the exchanges between both “sides” of this issue have often been heated and polarized. They offer that the way to move forward is with an accurate understanding of the potential benefits and harm of attempting change of orientation.
Overall, I found this chapter to be fairly accurate as a brief synopsis. I might only add that the emergence of religion-based ministries (as paraprofessional ministries) has been viewed by some as a response to what felt like a lack of resources and support within the secular mental health professions for those who wanted assistance in this area.